Part No: AN080-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.18mbFile type: pdf
This application note demonstrates the use of automated solid phase extraction for a variety of pharmaceutical compounds in drinking water,
wastewater and surface water. The criteria specified in US EPA Method 1694 was met, even at very low concentrations. For lower concentrations a larger sample of water may be processed.
Part No: AN054-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.76mbFile type: pdf
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) are a worldwide contamination problem. They are extremely stable and as such, very long lived in the environment. The end result is that PCBs tend to bioaccumulate throughout the food chain and a great deal of research and regulations have been dedicated to their study.
Part No: AN110-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 2.15mbFile type: pdf
This work demonstrates the performance of automated solid phase extraction (SPE) for the extraction of PAHs from surface water sampled from a nearby pond containing some particulate. An automated system (Biotage® Horizon 4790) with Atlantic® DVB disks, following the requirements of method EN 16691, was used.
Part No: AN109-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.5mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the automated solid phase extraction (SPE) and GC/MS analysis of whole water samples according to EN16691 for PAHs.
Method EN 16691 is a recently developed method that uses solid phase extraction to isolate organic compounds from 1 L of water using a divinylbenzene (DVB) solid phase extraction disk.
Part No: AN022-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.91mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 1657 describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organophosphorous pesticides in wastewater.
The disks compared in this study are: “Certified for Automation” Atlantic™ C18 (47 mm) and 3M Empore™ High Performance Extraction Disk C18 (47 mm).
Part No: AN018-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.9mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 608 describes the procedure to determine low parts per billion levels of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, toxaphene and chlordane in wastewater. The laboratory that collected the data presented in this application note uses EPA method 608 ATP3M0222 as the approved SPE technique for waste water extraction.
The disks compared in this study are : “Certified for Automation” Atlantic™ C18 (47 mm) and 3M Empore™ High Performance Extraction Disk C18 (47 mm). Comparisons were made using side-by-side extraction and identical calibration parameters.
Part No: AN025-HOR.V.1Issued year: 2012File size: 0.88mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to demonstrate the
viability of a solid phase extraction (SPE) method utilizing
the Biotage® Horizon 4790 Extractor with the Envision® Platform software version 1.02 to extract samples for EPA Method 1664A/B and fulfil all QC requirements.
Part No: AN053-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.3mbFile type: pdf
Carbaryl, a commonly used insecticide for the past 20 years, has become a significant environmental concern throughout the world. Also known through its trademarked name Sevin, it is a cholinesterase inhibitor and can be toxic to humans, causing problems in the blood, nervous, and reproductive systems.
Part No: AN001-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.35mbFile type: pdf
Hormones in drinking water are a growing concern, since the presence of these compounds can potentially be linked to serious health hazards such as human developmental and reproductive side-effects. Hormones are introduced into our environment in several ways. Natural and synthetic hormones that are given to livestock, pass though the animals, runoff into surface water, and leach into underground water supplies. Humans also produce and excrete natural hormone waste every day.
Part No: AN057-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.72mbFile type: pdf
At present, pollution of freshwater algae has become aglobal environmental problem. Of all the different pollution types, microcystin LR is the most toxic and the most acute hazard as far as is known presently
Part No: AN078-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.25mbFile type: pdf
This application note was developed to demonstrate the extraction of five organophosphate compounds Monocrotophos, Diazinon, Malathion, EPN, and Methamidophos using one solid phase extraction method with one pre-treatment step of sodium chloride (NaCl). The method uses the Biotage® Horizon 4790 automated SPE extraction system. It will show the efficiency of the extraction while demonstrating excellent recoveries of OPP compounds using methylene chloride and minimal amounts of acetone after sample pre-treatment with sodium chloride. Methods were developed and results are shown using 47 mm Atlantic® HLB-H disks and carbon cartridges.
Part No: AN019-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.92mbFile type: pdf
The City of Fort Worth, Water Department conducted an evaluation of the Atlantic™ solid phase extraction (SPE) C18 disks using EPA Method 608. This application note describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs in wastewater. This procedure used methylene chloride as the primary extraction solvent, followed by a hexane solvent exchange. Extracts were then analyzed by GC/ECD using a pressure pulse injection technique.
Part No: AN021-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.89mbFile type: pdf
Method 1657 describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organophosphorus pesticides in municipal and industrial wastewater.
The City of Fort Worth Water Department implemented Automated SPE for the analysis of organophosphorous pesticides by EPA Method 1657, using the Atlantic™ C18 solid phase extraction disk.
The Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extraction System with Envision®
Platform controller, and the DryVap® Automated Drying
and Concentration System were used in this application note.
Part No: AN072-HORIssued year: 2012File size: 0.88mbFile type: pdf
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, naturally occurring in coal, crude oil, gasoline, and their byproducts (e.g. coal tar or creosote). In addition, PAHs are formed in the incomplete combustion processes of all organic materials, such as wood or fossil fuels. Consequently, the EU water framework directive (WFD) lists in its annex X the whole group of PAHs as priority hazardous substances.
Part No: AN038-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 2.13mbFile type: pdf
This application note demontrates that the Biotage® fully automated extraction, drying and concentration systems used with the Atlantic™ HLB disk are capable of extracting PAH compounds from sea water.
Typical extraction times using the Biotage® Horizon 4790 range from 20 to 25 minutes while drying and concentration on the DryVap® with the DryDisk® took approximately 35 minutes.
Part No: AN055-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.36mbFile type: pdf
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a worldwide contamination problem. Structurally similar to PCBs, these compounds are long-lived in the environment and can bio-accumulate throughout the food chain. The health hazards of these chemicals have attracted increasing scrutiny and, as such, a great deal of research and regulations have been implemented to manage and control them.
Part No: AN035-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.83mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to demonstrate the use of a fully automated solid phase extraction (SPE) and concentration system that provides fast extraction while improving the quality and consistency of results for EPA Method 8270D.
Part No: AN036-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.86mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to demonstrate the capabilities of the Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extractor System when used for the analysis of nitramine, nitroaromatic, and nitrate ester compounds in surface and ground water.