Pain management therapy warrants constant monitoring of therapeutic levels of prescribed drug levels in patient urine samples. The number of samples being submitted for analysis has increased dramatically in the last 10 years with improvements in high throughput automated screening capabilities. Patient samples analysis is complicated by the need for an effective sample preparation methodology that can extract target analytes from complex matrices with good efficiency. Further complicating the process is the need to enzymatically hydrolyse the glucoronidated metabolites prior to extraction from the urine matrix. A fully automated sample preparation process using a TECAN Freedom EVO® 100 was designed to incorporate both the enzymatic hydrolysis and subsequent sample preparation assay as one continuous workflow. Supported Liquid Extraction (ISOLUTE SLE+) which offers an efficient alternative to traditional liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and solid phase extraction (SPE) techniques was used to extract a suite of pain management drugs from spiked urine samples. A recovery and quantitation assay was run on the TECAN Freedom EVO® 100 using mock patient samples to demonstrate utility of automation process. MSACL, Pain Management, Biotage, SPE, SLE, LLE, Supported Liquid Extraction, Drugs, MSACL, San Diego, 2013
6-acetylmorphine (MAM) 96-well plate Benzodiazepines Clinical Clonazepam Codeine Diazepam Dihydrocodeine (DHC) Drugs of Abuse Flunitrazepam Hydrocodone Hydrolysed urine Hydromorphone LC-MS/MS Methadone Methamphetamine Morphine Nitrazepam Opiates Oxycodone Oxymorphone Posters Urine
The potential harm caused by synthetic cannabinoids is a significant concern since exposures and reports of human fatalities due to these substances is widespread . Detection of these relatively new type designer drugs in blood is essential in forensic toxicology, other scientific and medical fields. Cannabinoids, SLE, SLE+, Supported Liquid Extraction,
The ability to extract a broad range of different drugs from a biological matrix allows for the expedited analysis of a patient sample using LC-MS/MS. Typically small molecules are extracted from matrices like urine based on their polarities. A fast and reliable sample preparation method that could be implemented to extract drugs of different polarities from urine could be used as a screening tool to quickly identify the presence of illicit drugs in patient samples using LC-MS-MS. This poster demonstrates the utility of supported liquid extraction for the extraction of over 30 different acidic, basic and neutral drugs in urine prior to LC-MS/MS. MSACL 2016
11-hydroxy- Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-OH) 11-nor- Δ9-carboxy tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) 6-acetyl codeine 96-well plate Acidic Alprazolam Amphetamine Barbiturates Basic Benzodiazepines Benzoylecgonine Buprenorphine Butalbital Clinical Clonazepam Codeine Dextromethorphan Diazepam Drugs of Abuse EDDP English Fentanyl Flunitrazepam Forensic Hydrocodone Hydrolysed urine Hydromorphone LC-MS/MS MDEA Morphine Naltrexone Neutral Nitrazepam Norbuprenorphine Norcodeine Norfentanyl Opiates Oxazepam Oxycodone Oxymorphone Pain Management Pentazocine Pentobarbital Phenobarbital Posters Propoxyphene Secobarbital THC THC metabolites THC-COOH Temazepam Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
Vitamin D deficiency can result in various health issues such as osteoporosis, liver and kidney problems and is associated with increased risk of cancers and multiple sclerosis. From this standpoint vitamin D analysis has extremely important clinical relevance. This poster presents a novel method for the extraction of 25 hydroxyvitamin D demonstrating acceptable validation parameters from serum calibrators and DEQAS supplied samples using ISOLUTE SLE+.
This poster describes a supported liquid extraction method for extraction of a class of novel psychoactive substances (NBOMes) with analysis using laser diode thermal desorption (LDTD) MS/MS. Samples are oral fluid collected using Salivettes. TAMS 2014
The objective was to develop a GC-MS assay for the determination of free benzodiazepines using Supported Liquid Extraction (SLE). The SLE extraction mechanism is very efficient, delivering higher analyte recoveries and cleaner extracts than equivalent LLE methods. ISOLUTE, SLE, SLE+, Supported Liquid Extraction, Benzodiazepines, Forensic, Drugs, DOA, Drugs of Abuse, SOFT,
4-Hydroxynordiazepam 7-Aminoclonazepam 7-Aminoflunitrazepam 7-Aminonitrazepam Benzodiazepines Bromazepam Column Demethylflunitrazepam Flurazepam Forensic GC-MS Hydroxyalprazolam Hydroxymidazolam Hydroxytriazolam Midazolam Nitrazepam Posters Urine
The use of LC/MS analysis in the clinical lab has increased exponentially over the last 10 years. Modern mass spectrometers are extremely sensitive allowing low level detection of many target analytes. However, this sensitivity can come at a price, in that levels of contamination not previously detected with less sensitive instruments can now have larger impact on analysis. The complexity of common matrices such as plasma/serum and urine while presenting different challenges can have a marked influence on method performance. As a result sample preparation is an extremely important part of the process in order to provide robust methods. This seminar focuses on some of the method development challenges our lab faced when looking at two clinical assays: Endogenous steroid hormone extraction from serum, and catecholamine extraction from plasma and urine. Particular emphasis is placed on the various sample preparation options we looked at for the extraction of these analytes. During optimization of the extraction process we investigated analyte recovery, co-extractable matrix components, HPLC column degradation, calibration curve performance and limits of quantitation. MSACL US 2018 Breakfast Seminar
This application note describes the extraction of acidic, basic, and neutral drugs from urine for screening purposes using ISOLUTE® SLE+ supported liquid extraction plates prior to LC-MS/MS analysis.
11-hydroxy- Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-OH) 11-nor- Δ9-carboxy tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) 6-acetyl codeine 96-well plate Acidic Alprazolam Amphetamine Application Notes Barbiturates Basic Benzodiazepines Benzoylecgonine Buprenorphine Butalbital Clinical Clonazepam Codeine Dextromethorphan Diazepam Drugs of Abuse EDDP English Fentanyl Flunitrazepam Forensic Hydrocodone Hydrolysed urine Hydromorphone LC-MS/MS MDEA Naltrexone Neutral Nitrazepam Norbuprenorphine Norcodeine Norfentanyl Normeperidine Opiates Oxazepam Oxycodone Oxymorphone Pain Management Pentazocine Pentobarbital Phenobarbital Propoxyphene Secobarbital THC metabolites Temazepam Urine Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
The method described in this application note achieves high recoveries of THC and an extended suite of common metabolites in oral fluid from Quantisal (Immunalysis) oral fluid collection devices. This application note describes effective and efficient ISOLUTE SLE+ protocols optimized for sample loading volumes of either 300 μL or 800 μL. The simple sample preparation procedure delivers clean extracts and analyte recoveries greater than 64% with RSDs of <10% for all analytes.
11-hydroxy- Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-OH) 11-nor- Δ9-carboxy tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) 11-nor-9-carboxy- Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THC-V-COOH) 11-nor-9-carboxy- Δ9tetrahydrocannabinol glucuronide (THC-COOH-g 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-THC glucuronide Application Notes Cannabidiol Cannabigerol Column Drugs of Abuse English Forensic LC-MS/MS Oral fluid Saliva THC THC metabolites THC-COOH Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
Over the past decade, the need for non-invasive drug screening that that precludes sample adulteration has become attractive. As a result, detection using oral fluid devices for Drugs of Abuse (DOA) has come to the vanguard of the scientific community. The use of Supported Liquid Extraction (ISOLUTE® SLE+) prior to LC/MS or GC/MS can improve sample cleanliness without forfeiting sample detection within a diverse panel of DOAs. Here, we demonstrate the effects of altering elution solvent polarity and pH for sample pretreatment upon the simultaneous recovery of 34 compounds comprised of opioids, benzodiazepines, and stimulants to directly measure the effects of the oral fluid buffer, OraSure™, upon extraction and signal intensity at presumed LOQs. ASMS 2017
6-acetylmorphine (MAM) 7-Aminoclonazepam Alprazolam Amphetamine Benzodiazepines Benzoylecgonine Buprenorphine Clinical Clonazepam Cocaine Cocaines Codeine Column Cotinine Diazepam EDDP English Forensic Hydrocodone Hydromorphone LC-MS/MS Lorazepam MDA MDEA MDMA Meperidine Methadone Methamphetamine Midazolam Morphine Norbuprenorphine Nordiazepam Opiates Opioid Oral fluid Oxazepam Phencyclidine Phencyclidine (PCP) Posters Stimulants Temazepam Triazolam α-OH Triazolam α-OH alprazolam
This application note describes the fully automated extraction of carboxy-THC from urine, following base hydrolysis prior to GC/MS analysis. The method was automated using Biotage® ExtraheraTM, configured for use with ISOLUTE SLE+ columns. The simple sample preparation procedure delivers clean extracts and analyte recoveries greater than 80% with RSDs lower than 10% for carboxy-THC and its deuterated internal standard. Using Biotage Extrahera, 24 samples are extracted in approximately 35 minutes. Limit of quantitation is below the SAMHSA/EWDTS confirmation cut off of 15 ng/mL for workplace testing applications.
This application note describes the fully-automated extraction of opiates from acid-hydrolyzed urine and non-hydrolyzed urine prior to GC/MS analysis. The methods were automated using Biotage® Extrahera™ configured for use with ISOLUTE® SLE+ supported liquid extraction columns. Using the Biotage® Extrahera™, 24 hydrolyzed samples were extracted in under 31 minutes and 24 non-hydrolyzed samples were extracted in under 36 minutes. The limits of quantitation meet or exceed the sensitivity requirements set by SAMHSA and EWDTS for workplace testing applications.
6-acetylmorphine (MAM) 96-well plate Application Notes Codeine Dihydrocodeine (DHC) English Extrahera Forensic GC-MS Hydrocodone Hydrolysed urine Hydromorphone Morphine Opiates Opiates Oxycodone Oxymorphone Urine
This application note describes the extraction of a range of SPICE drugs and metabolites in urine which are typically screened in forensic toxicology panels using ISOLUTE® SLE+ in a 96-well plate format. Both manual (Biotage Pressure+ 96) and automated (TECAN Freedom EVO® 100) processing conditions are described.
96-well plate Application Notes English Forensic JWH 018-N-(4-hydroxypentyl) JWH-018 JWH-018 JWH-018-(5-hydroxypentyl) JWH-018-N-5-(pentanoic acid) JWH-073 JWH-073-N-(3-hydroxybutyl) JWH-200 JWH-250 JWH-250-N-(5-hydroxypentyl) LC-MS/MS Synthetic Cannabinoids (SPICE) TECAN UR-144 UR-144-(5-hydroxypentyl) UR-144-(pentanoic acid) UR144-(5-chloropentyl) Urine XLR-11
Whether you need targeted methods for analytes such as Vitamin D metabolites in serum, or methods suitable for extraction of a wide panel of drugs and metabolites from urine, sample preparation before analysis is essential. This compendium highlights a selection of clinical sample preparation applications from Biotage.
Alcohol metabolite Application Notes Biomarker Brochures Catecholamines Clinical English Pain Management Peptides Product Notes Steroid Hormones Steroid metabolite Thyroid Hormone Tobacco Specific Nitrosamines (TSNAs) Vitamin D Vitamins Water Soluble Vitamins
This poster compares the use of supported liquid extraction (ISOLUTE® SLE+) and a novel protein and phospholipid depletion plate (ISOLUTE® PLD+), for the extraction of 25-hydroxy vitamin D. The manual extraction protocols were transferred to an SPE automation platform (Biotage® Extrahera)and method performance versus manual processing compared. MSACL EU 2015
This poster compares sample preparation options (solid phase extraction using EVOLUTE EXPRESS ABN, and supported liquid extraction using ISOLUTE SLE+) for the extraction of a panel of endogenous steroids from serum. MSACL NA 2018, Palm Springs, CA ASMS 2018, San Diego, CA
This poster compares sample preparation options for the extraction of a panel of endogenous steroids from serum. LC-MS/MS parameters were investigated for increased sensitivity: MRM transitions, chromatography and mobile phase additives for use with positive and negative ionisation modes. Particular emphasis was placed on the sample preparation to provide high reproducible recoveries whilst minimizing matrix effects and co-extracted materials such as proteins and phospholipids. Solid phase extraction was compared to supported liquid extraction in terms of recoveries, ion suppression, phospholipid content, calibration curve performance and overall sensitivity. MSACL EU 2018
This poster summarizes various sample preparation strategies for the extraction of MMA from serum without the necessity for derivatization, prior to LC-MS/MS analysis. A range of sample preparation techniques of varying complexity were evaluated: protein precipitation, phospholipid depletion, supported liquid extraction and solid phase extraction using both silica and polymer-based mixed-mode anion exchange chemistries. Method performance was evaluated for evaporative effects, assay recovery, ion suppression and phospholipid removal. MSACL 2016